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01 Nov 2004 10:50 / last edited 15 Mar 2011 09:28
Ik krijg wel eens e-mail met vragen over mijn tekeningen. Ik heb zojuist een tamelijk uitgebreid antwoord gestuurd op een van deze vragen, en ik bedacht me dat het hier ook wel zou passen. Het is wel in het Engels, maar dat zal voor de meesten van jullie vast geen probleem zijn.

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01 Nov 2004 10:51 / last edited 21 Mar 2009 16:17
Step 1

Fill the background layer with a neutral colour. This is important, because if you
draw on a white background, you will certainly get in trouble with the brightness
and contrast later on.

Create a new layer.

Now, draw the outlines of the subject with a dark colour. I use the paint brush
tool for this, with pressure-sensitivity enabled for the opacity, not for the size.
If you don't know about pressure sensitivity, you're probably still using a mouse.
If you are, and you're seriously interested in CG art, get a Wacom tablet right
away! www.wacom.com (no I'm not sponsored by them)

As you can see, I also applied a few basic shadows, but nothing too detailed.

After the outlines, bring in some small highlights. Never overdo this, just stick
to the most obvious ones and keep your highlights small.

anous01.gif

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01 Nov 2004 10:51 / last edited 21 Mar 2009 16:18
Step 2

On a layer behind the one created in step 1, start blocking in some colours.
Again, I use only the paint brush tool.

Tips:
1) For shadows, never use a darker version of the same colour! In this case,
I dressed the girl in an orange sweater, so I used a touch of orange in the
shadow under her chin. Orange is also used to darken her hair.

2) Use more red around the cheecks and the nose. Lips can be red, pink, or
sometimes even slightly purple, depending on the person portrayed.

3) Blend in colours by sampling them from your drawing and drawing over
them very lightly with the paint brush tool. Don't use smudge tool for this, it
is the spawn of the devil. Over-use of the smudge tool is one of the most
common mistakes by novice CG artists. Don't use the airbrush tool either.

anous02.jpg

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01 Nov 2004 10:52 / last edited 21 Mar 2009 16:18
Step 3

If you want to draw a background, now is the time. I'm often a bit lazy when
it comes to backgrounds, but they are important to the composition as a
whole. I won't go into much detail about drawing backgrounds here, but
one thing I will say is that the colours used in your background will affect
your subject in many ways.

As for the continuation of the subject:
Merge the two layers created in step 1 and 2.
Create another layer, on top of everything else. Use this layer to make any
refinements to the image. Just pick a small area that needs improvement,
apply them to your new layer, merge this layer with the one below and create
a new layer again to repeat the process. This is a slow process, don't rush it.

anous03.jpg

Tips:
1) When a something needs a different colour, don't try to pick exactly the
right one in a single try. Instead, "over-pick" your colours, i.e. if you feel
something could use just a touch of red, use a bright red colour and apply
it with minimal pressure.

2) Don't use undo too much. It is often better to simply draw over your
mistakes. For example, you've just coloured something in a certain shade
of blue, but now that you see it, you feel it should've been a more greyish
shade of blue. Don't decide to undo your colouring right away! Instead,
consider the option of painting over the blue area with some grey. This
way, you can see the colours changing as you draw, instead of just in the
colour picker. Also, it will help keep your images more lively because of
tiny variations in the colours all over the image.

3) Always keep in mind that light is reflected from one object onto another.
A bright red sweater will reflect the sunlight and cast a red glow onto all
other objects close by. A bright green background will have its effect on
the things before it. Try to emulate this effect in your drawings for much
better results. I think you can see what I mean quite clearly if you look here:
http://www.roelvanmastbergen.nl/show_gal.php?id=89



I hope this will help you on your way. Good luck!
-Roel

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Gekke Giraffe
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30 Jun 2005 16:44
Een paar vraagjes.

Werk je met de line-art en de kleuren op dezelfde laag en integreer je deze met elkaar pas op een later stadium?  Of is alles behalve het gezicht en de achtergrond op 1 zelfde laag?

Ik heb zelf wat problemen met het toepassen van deze technieken op oudere mannen, ipv gladde jonge meisjes. Want ik krijg dan erg veel problemen met het kleuren van de rimpels met het lineart enzo. Is er geen andere manier voor oudere mensen nog?

Want ook het probleem is dat oudee mensen een veel gesatureerdere en vlekkerige huid hebben, wat het lastig maakt om de juiste kleuren te vinden, want die zijn dan veel minder recht toe recth aan dan bij gladde jonge meisjes,

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30 Jun 2005 17:40
Voor de komst van de digitale beeldbewerking had niemand lagen, en toen lukte het ook prima om oude mensen te tekenen en schilderen.

Ik werk zelf het liefst met weinig lagen, omdat ik vind dat het werken op één laag meer vrijheid biedt (je kan je digitale penseel overal neerzetten waar je wilt zonder eerst de juiste laag te moeten zoeken), en omdat er op die manier minder gevaar bestaat dat het eindresultaat op een soort collage van losse delen gaat lijken.

Maar dat wil niet zeggen dat jij het ook met minder lagen moet doen. Er is geen "beste" techniek, anders dan die waarmee je zelf de beste resultaten behaalt.

Verder kan ik er ook niet veel zinnigs over zeggen, tenzij je eens laat zien waar je nu eigenlijk mee bezig bent.

Gekke Giraffe
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01 Jul 2005 02:20
Hier is de de referentie en de wip. Ik heb de kleuren direct uit de referentie gepikt, wat volgens mij niet een al te beste methode is, want het is een behoorlijk troepje geworden. Ik heb 2 lagen: de line-art en de kleuren.

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de Sofajas
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02 Jul 2005 00:40
Ik kan je afraden om direct uit een foto de kleuren te selecteren. Dan krijg je meestal een flets resultaat. Wel kan je de foto als hulpmiddel gebruiken en de kleuren die je uit de foto haalt bijstellen.

Ik werk in sommige gevallen eerst met twee lagen. De line art op een laag waaronder ik de kleur aanbreng op een andere laag. Daarna voeg ik de lagen samen en maak het geheel af.

Zo'n twee jaar geleden heb ik een oude man geschilderd met acryl (één laag dus) en die ziet er ook best aardig uit. Daarbij heb ik laag over laag geschilderd. Ik weet niet of dat iets voor je is.

06 Jan 2014 14:46
great!